Gene selection and disease prediction from gene expression data using a two-stage hetero-associative memory
Scholar | Other documents of the author: Cleofás Sánchez, Laura; Sánchez Garreta, José Salvador; García, Vicente
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TitleGene selection and disease prediction from gene expression data using a two-stage hetero-associative memory
In general, gene expression microarrays consist of a vast number of genes and very few samples, which represents a critical challenge for disease prediction and diagnosis. This paper develops a two-stage algorithm ... [+]
In general, gene expression microarrays consist of a vast number of genes and very few samples, which represents a critical challenge for disease prediction and diagnosis. This paper develops a two-stage algorithm that integrates feature selection and prediction by extending a type of hetero-associative neural networks. In the first level, the algorithm generates the associative memory, whereas the second level picks the most relevant genes.With the purpose of illustrating the applicability and efficiency of the method proposed here, we use four different gene expression microarray databases and compare their classification performance against that of other renowned classifiers built on the whole (original) feature (gene) space. The experimental results show that the two-stage hetero-associative memory is quite competitive with standard classification models regarding the overall accuracy, sensitivity and specificity. In addition, it also produces a significant decrease in computational efforts and an increase in the biological interpretability of microarrays because worthless (irrelevant and/or redundant) genes are discarded. [-]
Investigation projectPROME-TEOII/2014/062 ; DSA/103.5/15/7004 ; TIN2013-46522-P.
Bibliographic citationCLEOFAS-SÁNCHEZ, Laura; SÁNCHEZ, J. Salvador; GARCÍA, Vicente. Gene selection and disease prediction from gene expression data using a two-stage hetero-associative memory. Progress in Artificial Intelligence, 2019, vol. 8, no 1, p. 63-71.
© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018. “This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Progress in Artificial Intelligence. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13748-018-0148-6”