Is eco-efficiency in greenhouse gas emissions converging among European Union countries?
Scholar | Other documents of the author: Camarero, Mariam; Castillo Giménez, Juana; Picazo Tadeo, Andrés José; Tamarit, Cecilio
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TitleIs eco-efficiency in greenhouse gas emissions converging among European Union countries?
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Eco-efficiency refers to the ability to produce more goods and services with less impact on the environment and less consumption of natural resources. This issue has become a matter of concern that is receiving ... [+]
Eco-efficiency refers to the ability to produce more goods and services with less impact on the environment and less consumption of natural resources. This issue has become a matter of concern that is receiving increasing attention from politicians, scientists and researchers. Furthermore, greenhouse gases emitted as a result of production processes have a marked impact on the environment and are also the foremost culprit of global warming and climate change. This paper assesses convergence in eco-efficiency in greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union. Eco-efficiency is assessed at both country and greenhouse-gas-specific levels using Data Envelopment Analysis techniques and directional distance functions, as recently proposed by Picazo-Tadeo et al. (Eur J Oper Res, 220:798–809, 2012). Convergence is then evaluated using the Phillips and Sul (Econometrica, 75:1771–1855, 2007) approach that allows testing for the existence of convergence groups. Although the results point to the existence of different convergence clubs depending on the specific pollutant considered, they signal the existence of at least four clear groups of countries. The first two groups are core European Union high-income countries (Benelux, Germany, Italy, Austria, the United Kingdom and Scandinavian countries). A third club is made up of peripheral countries (Spain, Ireland, Portugal and Greece) together with some Eastern countries (Latvia and Slovenia), while the remaining clubs consist of groups containing Eastern European countries. [-]
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 © Springer International Publishing AG, Part of Springer Science+Business Media. "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00181-013-0734-1
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- ECO_Articles