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dc.contributor.authorAlberola-Borràs, Jaume-Adrià
dc.contributor.authorVidal, Rosario
dc.contributor.authorMora-Sero, Ivan
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-13T19:03:21Z
dc.date.available2018-06-13T19:03:21Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationALBEROLA-BORRÀS, Jaume Adrià; VIDAL, Rosario; MORA-SERÓ, Iván. Evaluation of multiple cation/anion perovskite solar cells through life cycle assessment. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 2018ca_CA
dc.identifier.issn2398-4902
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10234/175140
dc.description.abstractAfter the great initiation of perovskite as a photovoltaic material, laboratory efficiencies similar to other photovoltaic technologies already commercialised have been reached. Consequently, recent research interests on perovskite solar cells try to address the stability improvement as well as make its industrialisation possible. Record efficiencies in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been achieved using as active material a multiple cation/anion perovskite by combining methylammonium (MA) and formamidinium (FA), but also Cs cation and I and Br as anions, materials that also have demonstrated a superior stability. Herein, the environmental performance of the production of such perovskite films was evaluated via life cycle assessment. Our study points out that multiple cation/anion perovskite films show major detrimental environmental impacts for all categories assessed, except for abiotic depletion potential, when they are compared with a canonical perovskite MAPbI3. In addition, a closer analysis of the materials utilised for the synthesis of the different multiple cation perovskites compositions revealed that lead halide reagents and chlorobenzene were the most adverse compounds in terms of impact. However, the former is used in all the perovskite compositions and the later can be avoided by the use of alternative fabrication methods to anti-solvent. To this extent, FAI, with the current synthesis procedures, is the most determining compound as it increases significantly the impacts and the cost in comparison with MAI. A further economic analysis, exposed that multiple cation perovskites need a significantly higher photoconversion efficiency to produce the same payback times than canonical perovskite.ca_CA
dc.format.extent18 p.ca_CA
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfca_CA
dc.language.isoengca_CA
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistryca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfSustainable Energy & Fuels, 2018ca_CA
dc.rights"Reproduced by permission of The Royal Society of Chemistry"ca_CA
dc.titleEvaluation of multiple cation/anion perovskite solar cells through life cycle assessmentca_CA
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca_CA
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/1010.1039/C8SE00053K
dc.relation.projectIDWe acknowledge financial support from MINECO of Spain under Project MAT2016-76892-C3-1-R.ca_CA
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_CA
dc.relation.publisherVersionhttp://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2018/se/c8se00053k#!divAbstractca_CA
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersionca_CA


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