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dc.contributor.authorJeger, Michael
dc.contributor.authorBragard, Claude
dc.contributor.authorCaffier, David
dc.contributor.authorCandresse, Thierry
dc.contributor.authorChatzivassiliou, Elisavet
dc.contributor.authorDehnen-Schmutz, Katharina
dc.contributor.authorGilioli, Gianni
dc.contributor.authorGrégoire, Jean-Claude
dc.contributor.authorJaques, Josep A.
dc.contributor.authorNavajas Navarro, María
dc.contributor.authorNiere, Björn
dc.contributor.authorParnell, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorPotting, Roel
dc.contributor.authorRafoss, Trond
dc.contributor.authorRossi, Vittorio
dc.contributor.authorUrek, Gregor
dc.contributor.authorvan Bruggen, Ariena
dc.contributor.authorVan der Werf, Wopke
dc.contributor.authorWest, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorGardi, Ciro
dc.contributor.authorAukhojee, Mitesha
dc.contributor.authorBergeretti, Filippo
dc.contributor.authorMacLeod, Alan
dc.identifier.citationJEGER, Michael; BRAGARD, Claude ; CAFFIER, David; CANDRESSE, Thierry; CHATZIVASSILIOU, Elisavet; DEHNEN-SCHMUTZ, Katharina; GILIOLI, Gianni; GRÉGOIRE, Jean-Claude; JAQUES, Josep A.; NAVAJAS NAVARRO, María; NIERE, Björn; PARNELL, Stephen; POTTING, Roel; RAFOSS, Trond; ROSSI, Vittorio; UREK, Gregor; VAN BRUGGEN, Ariena ; VAN DER WERF, Wopke; WEST, Jonathan; WINTER, Stephan; GARDI, Ciro; AUKHOJEE, Mitesha; BERGERETTI, Filippo; MACLEOD, Alan. Pest categorisation of Hishimonus phycitis. EFSA Journal (2017), v. 15, n. 10ca_CA
dc.description.abstractThe Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of Hishimonus phycitis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) for the EU. H. phycitis is a well-defined species, occurring in tropical and subtropical Asian countries from Iran to Malaysia. H. phycitis is polyphagous. Hosts of particular relevance to the EU include Citrus spp. and Solanum melongena. While harmful in its own right as a leafhopper extracting host nutrients through feeding, it is regarded in the Middle East more significantly as a vector of Witches’ broom disease of lime phytoplasma, which limits production of Citrus aurantifolia, and in India as a vector of brinjal little-leaf phytoplasma impacting S. melongena yields. H. phycitis is currently regulated by Council Directive 2000/29/EC, listed in Annex II/AI as Hishomonus phycitis (sic). Eggs planted on host plants for planting could provide a pathway for entry into the EU. The EU has ecoclimatic conditions that are also found in countries where H. phycitis occurs although it is unknown whether H. phycitis occurs in those areas. There is therefore considerable uncertainty around EU establishment. Any establishment is likely to be limited to the warmest areas around the Mediterranean. As a free-living organism with adults capable of flight, spread within the EU would be possible but confined to the limited area where establishment could occur. Measures are available to inhibit entry via traded commodities (e.g. prohibition on the introduction of Citrus plants for planting; sourcing other hosts from pest free areas). H. phycitis does satisfy all of the criteria that are within the remit of EFSA to assess to be regarded as a Union quarantine pest. It is uncertain if eggs of H. phycitis would carry phytoplasmas into the EU as transovarial transmission from infected females to eggs has not been demonstrated.ca_CA
dc.format.extent26 p.ca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfEFSA Journal (2017), v. 15, n. 10ca_CA
dc.rightsAttribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.subjectPest riskca_CA
dc.subjectPlant pestca_CA
dc.subjectWitches’ broom disease of limeca_CA
dc.titlePest categorisation of Hishimonus phycitisca_CA

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