Atmosphere- and Voltage-Dependent Electronic Conductivity of Oxide-Ion-Conducting Zr1-xYxO2-x/2 Ceramics
Scholar | Other documents of the author: Jovaní, Marc; Beltrán Mir, Héctor; Cordoncillo, Eloisa; West, Anthony R.
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TitleAtmosphere- and Voltage-Dependent Electronic Conductivity of Oxide-Ion-Conducting Zr1-xYxO2-x/2 Ceramics
Cubic, fluorite-structured solid solutions Zr1-xYxO2-x/2 (YSZ; x = 0.4-0.7) were prepared by sol-gel synthesis. Impedance measurements on pellets of 85% approximate density sintered at 1300 °C for 24 h showed strong ... [+]
Cubic, fluorite-structured solid solutions Zr1-xYxO2-x/2 (YSZ; x = 0.4-0.7) were prepared by sol-gel synthesis. Impedance measurements on pellets of 85% approximate density sintered at 1300 °C for 24 h showed strong evidence of oxide ion conduction with an inclined Warburg spike at low frequencies and capacitance values of ∼10-6 F cm-1 at 40 Hz. Arrhenius plots of total pellet conductivities were linear with activation energies of 1.4-1.56 eV. The conductivity decreased with x and was 2-4 orders of magnitude lower than that with optimized YSZ, x = 0.08. When the atmosphere was changed from N2 to O2 during impedance measurements, two reversible effects were seen: the Warburg spike contracted greatly, and the sample resistance decreased. These effects were more noticeable at higher x and are attributed to the introduction of p-type electronic conduction, in parallel with the preexisting oxide ion conduction. A similar reversible result was observed upon application of a direct-current (dc) bias during impedance measurements. When either pO2 is increased or a dc bias is applied, hole creation is believed to arise by the ionization of underbonded oxide ions situated near the Y3+ dopant ions. The ionized electrons are trapped at surface oxygen species, and the holes that are left on oxygen are responsible for p-type conduction. The electrolytic domain of x = 0.4-0.7 extends up to approximately 10-2 atm of O2 before p-type conduction is observed. The upper pO2 limit of the electrolytic domain of x = 0.08 is not known but is likely to be close to or slightly above 1 atm of O2. [-]
Investigation projectM.J., H.B.-M., and E.C. thank the Universidad Jaume I (Project UJI-B2016-38) and Ministerio de Economiá , Industria y Competitividad (Project MAT2016-80410-P), for financial support. M.J. also thanks the Universidad Jaume I for a fellowship.
Bibliographic citationJOVANÍ, Marc, et al. Atmosphere-and Voltage-Dependent Electronic Conductivity of Oxide-Ion-Conducting Zr1–x Y x O2–x/2 Ceramics. Inorg. Chem., 2017, 56 (12), pp 7081–7088
© 2017 American Chemical Society.
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