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dc.contributor.authorGazulla Barreda, María Fernanda
dc.contributor.authorOrduña, Mónica
dc.contributor.authorVicente, S.
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo, Marta
dc.identifier.citationFuel Volume 108, June 2013, Pages 247–253ca_CA
dc.description.abstractThis paper describes a methodology for the analysis of minor and trace elements in liquid petroleum products, with varying oxygen content between 0% w/w and 3.4% w/w and varying C/H ratio between 7 and 9, by wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) spectrometry, necessary to determine the properties that indicate the function and performance of the product in service. There are a number of standard methods of chemical analysis by WD-XRF, atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) or inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) that apply to one type of petroleum product. However, there is not a standard that applies to any kind of liquid petroleum products in a huge range of concentrations with low detection limits and uncertainties, that allow to control a great number of products in a huge range of concentrations of an elevate number of elements. In order to obtained a rapid an accurate methodology that allows the analysis of different materials in a huge range of concentrations, a WD-XRF method of measuring a set of elements: Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, P, Pb, S, Si, Ti, V and Zn, in a series of liquid petroleum products was developed being fine-tuned by optimising the measurement conditions and calculating the detection and quantification limits. The validation was carried out by using a series of reference materials and the uncertainty of the method was calculated. The analysis of sulphur was also performed by elemental analysis in addition to WD-XRF and the results obtained by both techniques were compared. The matrix of the different samples analysed and the standards used was also analysed by determining C, H, N and O.ca_CA
dc.format.extent6 p.ca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfFuel, 2013, vol. 108ca_CA
dc.rightsCopyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.ca_CA
dc.subjectLiquid petroleum productsca_CA
dc.subjectMinor elementsca_CA
dc.subjectTrace elementsca_CA
dc.subjectLow uncertaintyca_CA
dc.titleDevelopment of a WD-XRF analysis method of minor and trace elements in liquid petroleum productsca_CA

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