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dc.contributor.authorFumaz, Carmina R.
dc.contributor.authorLarrañaga-Eguilegor, Maider
dc.contributor.authorMayordomo-López, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorGómez Martínez, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorGonzález García, Marian
dc.contributor.authorOrnelas, Arelly
dc.contributor.authorFuster Ruiz de Apodaca, Maria José
dc.contributor.authorRemor, Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorBallester-Arnal, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorSpanish Group for the Quality of Life Improvement in HIV or AIDS
dc.identifier.citationFUMAZ, Carmina R., et al. Health-related quality of life of people living with HIV infection in Spain: a gender perspective. AIDS care, 2019, p. 1-9ca_CA
dc.description.abstractStudies exploring gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are scarce and contradictory. This study evaluated gender differences in HRQOL of 744 PLWHA with median (IQR) age 44 (37–48) years and HIV infection diagnosed 12 (5–20) years earlier. Results showed important differences between genders (p < .05). Better male physical health was related to being employed, not having economic worries, not receiving psychological support, not having injected drugs in past, low negative mood HIV-related, low HIV illness representation and internalized stigma, and high body image satisfaction and health behavior. For women, variables were fewer years since HIV diagnosis and low enacted stigma-personal experience of rejection. Mentally, variables in men were being employed, not having injected drugs, having a stable partner, high health behavior, use of problem-solving coping, personal autonomy and personal meaning. In women, better mental health was related to high CD4 cells, self-esteem and body image satisfaction, and negative mood HIV-related. Men and women coincided in absence of past opportunistic infections being related to better physical and mental health, and absence of side effects for physical health and low HIV-related stress and HIV illness representation for mental health. Our results highlight the need for detailed study of gender differences that identify the bio-psycho-socio inequalities that affect HRQOL.ca_CA
dc.format.extent10 p.ca_CA
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfAIDS care, 2019ca_CA
dc.rightsCopyright © Taylor & Francisca_CA
dc.subjecthealth-related quality of lifeca_CA
dc.subjectgender differencesca_CA
dc.subjectphysical healthca_CA
dc.subjectmental healthca_CA
dc.titleHealth-related quality of life of people living with HIV infection in Spain: a gender perspectiveca_CA
dc.relation.projectIDFIPSE Spain (Fundacion para la Investigacion y Prevencion del Sida en España): 36-0743/09ca_CA

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