Mutation-induced changes of transmembrane pore size revealed by combined ion-channel conductance and single vesicle permeabilization analyses
Scholar | Other documents of the author: Largo, Eneko; Gladue, Douglas; Torralba, Johana; Aguilella Fernández, Vicente; Alcaraz, Antonio; Borca, Manuel V.; Nieva, José L.
MetadataShow full item record
TitleMutation-induced changes of transmembrane pore size revealed by combined ion-channel conductance and single vesicle permeabilization analyses
Permeabilization of the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is instrumental in the progression of host-cell infection by many viral pathogens. We have described that permeabilization of ER model membranes by the pore-forming ... [+]
Permeabilization of the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is instrumental in the progression of host-cell infection by many viral pathogens. We have described that permeabilization of ER model membranes by the pore-forming domain of the Classical Swine Fever Virus (CSFV) p7 protein depends on two sequence determinants: the C-terminal transmembrane helix, and the preceding polar loop that regulates its activity. Here, by combining ion-channel activity measurements in planar lipid bilayers with imaging of single Giant Unilamellar Vesicles (GUVs), we demonstrate that point substitutions directed to conserved residues within these regions affect ER-like membrane permeabilization following distinct mechanisms. Whereas the polar loop appeared to be involved in protein insertion and oligomerization, substitution of residues predicted to face the lumen of the pore inhibited large conducting channels (>1 nS) over smaller ones (120 pS). Quantitative analyses of the ER-GUV distribution as a function of the solute size revealed a selective inhibition for the permeation of solutes with sizes larger than 4 kDa, further demonstrating that the mutation targeting the transmembrane helix prevented formation of the large pores. Collectively, our data support the idea that the pore-forming domain of p7 may assemble into finite pores with approximate diameters of 1 and 5 nm. Moreover, the observation that the mutation interfering with formation of the larger pores can hamper virus production without affecting ER localization or homo-oligomerization, suggests prospective strategies to block/attenuate pestiviruses. [-]
Investigation projectUSDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS-USDA): 8064-32000-056-18S; Basque Government: IT838-13; Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain: FIS2013-40473-P, FIS2016-75257-P; Universitat Jaume I: P1.1B2015-28
Bibliographic citationLARGO, Eneko, et al. Mutation-induced changes of transmembrane pore size revealed by combined ion-channel conductance and single vesicle permeabilization analyses. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes, 2018, vol. 1860, no 5, p. 1015-1021
Copyright © Elsevier B.V.
This item appears in the folowing collection(s)
- FCA_Articles