Relative Impacts of Methylammonium Lead Triiodide Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Life Cycle Assessment
Scholar | Other documents of the author: Alberola-Borràs, Jaume-Adrià; Vidal, Rosario; Juárez Pérez, Emilio José; Mas Marzá, Elena; Guerrero, Antonio; Mora-Sero, Ivan
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TitleRelative Impacts of Methylammonium Lead Triiodide Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Life Cycle Assessment
The environmental performance of four different device assembly procedures based on hybrid halide perovskite solar cell (PSC) were assessed from cradle to grave using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. In ... [+]
The environmental performance of four different device assembly procedures based on hybrid halide perovskite solar cell (PSC) were assessed from cradle to grave using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. In addition, a new environmental indicator was defined to measure the time evolution of an impact category, specifically in this case, human toxicity cancer payback time. PSCs procedures accounted for the probably three more used basic recipes for laboratory perovskite deposition: 1) spin coating of stoichiometric precursor solution, 2) spin coating of precursor solution using lead chloride precursor and 3) the two step deposition method. Also, the two most widely used substrate configurations (planar and mesoporous substrate) were considered. LCA included three realistic scenarios for the end of life: 1) residual landfill, 2) reuse and residual landfill and 3) reuse and recycling. The remaining variable parameters to assemble the device were fixed in common for all four devices, which were the major responsible of the whole PSC impact. Lead of PSCs had no significant contribution in environmental impacts. Beyond shared procedure steps, impacts generated by the twostep method and the use of mesostructured type substrate were higher. End of life scenario with reuse and recycling improved the toxicity impact categories. [-]
Investigation projectThe research leading to these results has received funding from MINECO of Spain under project MAT2013-47192-C3-1-R and Generalitat Valenciana under project ACOMP/2015/105.
Bibliographic citationAlberola-Borràs, J. A., Vidal, R., Juárez-Pérez, E. J., Mas-Marzá, E., Guerrero, A., & Mora-Seró, I. (2017). Relative impacts of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite solar cells based on life cycle assessment. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells.
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