Decision Making Impairment: A Shared Vulnerability in Obesity, Gambling Disorder and Substance Use Disorders?
Scholar | Other documents of the author: Mallorquí Bagué, Núria; Fagundo, Ana B.; Jiménez-Murcia, Susana; De la Torre, Rafael; Baños, Rosa; Botella, Cristina; Casanueva, Felipe F.; Crujeiras, Ana B.; Fernández García, José Carlos; Fernández-Real, José Manuel; Frühbeck, Gema; Granero, Roser; Rodríguez, Amaia; Tolosa-Sola, Iris; Ortega, Francisco J.; Tinahones Madueño, Francisco Javier; Álvarez Moya, Eva; Ochoa, Cristian; Menchón, José Manuel; Fernández Aranda, Fernando
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TitleDecision Making Impairment: A Shared Vulnerability in Obesity, Gambling Disorder and Substance Use Disorders?
Introduction Addictions are associated with decision making impairments. The present study explores decision making in Substance use disorder (SUD), Gambling disorder (GD) and Obesity (OB) wh ... [+]
Introduction Addictions are associated with decision making impairments. The present study explores decision making in Substance use disorder (SUD), Gambling disorder (GD) and Obesity (OB) when assessed by Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and compares them with healthy con- trols (HC). Methods For the aims of this study, 591 participants (194 HC, 178 GD, 113 OB, 106 SUD) were assessed according to DSM criteria, completed a sociodemographi c interview and con- ducted the IGT. Results SUD, GD and OB present impaired decision making when compared to the HC in the over- all task and task learning, however no differences are found for the overall performanc e inthe IGT among the clinical groups. Results also reveal some specific learning across the task patterns within the clinical groups: OB maintains negative scores until the third set where learning starts but with a less extend to HC, SUD presents an early learning followed by a progressive although slow improvement and GD presents more random choices with no learning. Conclusions Decision making impairments are present in the studied clinical samples and they display individual differences in the task learning. Results can help understanding the underlying mechanisms of OB and addiction behaviors as well as improve current clinical treatment s. [-]
Bibliographic citationMALLORQUÍ BAGUÉ, Núria; FAGUNDO, Ana B.; JIMÉNEZ-MURCIA, Susana; DE LA TORRE, Rafael; BAÑOS RIVERA, Rosa María; BOTELLA ARBONA, Cristina; CASANUEVA, Felipe F.; CRUJEIRAS, Ana B.; FERNÁNDEZ GARCÍA, José Carlos; FERNÁNDE-REAL, José Manuel; FRÜHBECK, Gema; GRANERO, Roser; RODRÍGUEZ, Amaia; TOLOSA-SOLA, Iris; ORTEGA, Francisco J.; TINAHONES MADUEÑO, Francisco Javier; ÁLVAREZ MOYA, Eva; OCHOA, Cristian; MENCHÓN, José Manuel; FERNÁNDEZ ARANDA, Fernando. Decision Making Impairment: A Shared Vulnerability in Obesity, Gambling Disorder and Substance Use Disorders?. PLOS One (2016), v. 11, n. 9, pp. 1-11
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