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dc.contributor.authorCompañ, Vicente
dc.contributor.authorDíaz-Calleja, R.
dc.contributor.authorRibes, A.
dc.contributor.authorAndrio, Andreu
dc.contributor.authorLópez Peris, María Lidón
dc.contributor.authorRiande, Evaristo
dc.identifier.citationCompañ, V., Diaz-Calleja, R., Ribes, A., Andrio, A., López, M. L. and Riande, E. (1996), Mechanical relaxations and diffusive changes in linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) films subject to induced stretching. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 60: 767–778. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19960502)60:5<767::AID-APP16>3.0.CO;2-Wca_CA
dc.description.abstractAn analysis of the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide through linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) subjected to longitudinal and transversal induced stretching in the ratio 2:1, is presented in this paper. The relaxation behavior of two coextruded LLDPE films prepared from copolymers of ethylene-1-octene is reported as well. The spectra, expressed in terms of loss tan δ, present a γ relaxation shifted 5°C to 10°C in the LLDPE1 with respect to the LLDPE2 when the stretching was longitudinal. This relaxation is lower in intensity than the one exhibited for conventional low-density polyethylene of the same crystallinity. Increasing the temperature order, a β relaxation process appears as an ostensible shoulder of the first of two relaxation processes, called α′ and α″, detected in the α region. The β relaxation, which is believed to be produced by motion taking place in the amorphous and interfacial regions, appears as two overlapping peaks centered at −36°C and −30°C for a longitudinal stretching and at −34°C and −28°C for a transversal stretching at 1 Hz. In relation to this fact, we observed a slight increase in the Tα of the LLDPE2 with respect to the LLDPE1, which is greater in the transversally stretched polymers than in the longitudinal ones. The values of the activation energy corresponding to the second peak of the β relaxation were obtained for the films subjected to stretching in longitudinal and transversal directions to the processing orientation. The study of the diffusional characteristics of oxygen and carbon dioxide through the films shows the temperature is related to the region for which the α processes are given. An anomalous behavior of the diffusion coefficient with the temperature is observed, suggesting general movements around the amorphous segments and crystalline entities. The increase with the temperature of both parameters (diffusion and permeability) can be attributed to a change in the gas solubility. This increase is greater for CO2 than for O2 which we interpret as a plastificant effect of the CO2. Finally, the activation energies from diffusion coefficent and permeability are analyzed in terms of Arrhenius. The results show that the temperature dependence of the diffusive parameters may not be a simply activated process as a consequence of the fact that the diffusional characteristics of the films depend on their morphology which, in turn, is changing with temperature. Little changes are observed when the films are subjected to any kind of stretching. In this sense, we think that the orientation by tensile drawing will decrease the conformational entropy involved in melting processes and, as a consequence, will reduce both the permeability and the apparent diffusion coefficients.ca_CA
dc.description.sponsorShipThis research was supported by the DGICYT (Direcci6n General de Investigacibn en Ciencia y Tecnologia) and the EC through the project PB92-0773-C03-03 and BRITE-EURAM-BE-PROJECT 4104ca_CA
dc.format.extent12 p.ca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 60. 767-718 (1996)ca_CA
dc.rights© 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.ca_CA
dc.titleMechanical relaxations and diffusive changes in linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) films subject to induced stretchingca_CA

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