Reduced posterior parietal cortex activation after training on a visual search task
Scholar | Other documents of the author: Bueichekú, Elisenda; Miró-Padilla, Anna; Palomar-García, María-Ángeles; Ventura Campos, Noelia; Parcet Ibars, María Antonia; Barrós Loscertales, Alfonso Roberto; Avila, Cesar
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TitleReduced posterior parietal cortex activation after training on a visual search task
Gaining experience on a cognitive task improves behavioral performance and is thought to enhance brain efficiency. Despite the body of literature already published on the effects of training on brain activation, less ... [+]
Gaining experience on a cognitive task improves behavioral performance and is thought to enhance brain efficiency. Despite the body of literature already published on the effects of training on brain activation, less research has been carried out on visual search attention processes under well controlled conditions. Thirty-six healthy adults divided into trained and control groups completed a pre-post letter-based visual search task fMRI study in one day. Twelve letters were used as targets and ten as distractors. The trained group completed a training session (840 trials) with half the targets between scans. The effects of training were studied at the behavioral and brain levels by controlling for repetition effects using both between-subjects (trained vs. control groups) and within-subject (trained vs. untrained targets) controls. The trained participants reduced their response speed by 31% as a result of training, maintaining their accuracy scores, whereas the control group hardly changed. Neural results revealed that brain changes associated with visual search training were circumscribed to reduced activation in the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) when controlling for group, and they included inferior occipital areas when controlling for targets. The observed behavioral and brain changes are discussed in relation to automatic behavior development. The observed training-related decreases could be associated with increased neural efficiency in specific key regions for task performance. [-]
Bibliographic citationBUEICHEKÚ, Elisenda, et al. Reduced posterior parietal cortex activation after training on a visual search task. NeuroImage, 2016, vol. 135, p. 204-213.
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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