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dc.contributor.authorGual Ortí, Jaume
dc.contributor.authorPuyuelo Cazorla, Marina
dc.contributor.authorLloveras Macià, Joaquín
dc.identifier.citationGUAL ORTÍ, Jaume; PUYUELO CAZORLA, Marina; LLOVERAS MACIÀ, Joaquín. The effect of volumetric (3D) tactile symbols within inclusive tactile maps. Applied Ergonomics (2015), v. 48, pp. 1-10ca_CA
dc.description.abstractPoint, linear and areal elements, which are two-dimensional and of a graphic nature, are the morphological elements employed when designing tactile maps and symbols for visually impaired users. However, beyond the two-dimensional domain, there is a fourth group of elements – volumetric elements – which mapmakers do not take sufficiently into account when it comes to designing tactile maps and symbols. This study analyses the effect of including volumetric, or 3D, symbols within a tactile map. In order to do so, the researchers compared two tactile maps. One of them uses only two-dimensional elements and is produced using thermoforming, one of the most popular systems in this field, while the other includes volumetric symbols, thus highlighting the possibilities opened up by 3D printing, a new area of production. The results of the study show that including 3D symbols improves the efficiency and autonomous use of these products.ca_CA
dc.description.sponsorShiphe work reported here is part of the research project entitled ‘Estudio y diseño de elementos de orientación, soportes de comunicación y otros accesorios para la mejora de la accesibilidad en distintos ámbitos de interpretación del patrimonio natural y/o construidos’ supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (project DPI2008-03981/DPI). The authors wish to thank the Centre de Recursos Educatius (Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles-ONCE) and the Associació Discapacitat Visual Cataluña B1+B2+B3 in Barcelona, as well as the ONCE offices in Castellón, Tarragona and Valencia for supporting this research. Finally, this work has also been supported by the Programa de Mobilitat del Personal Investigador de la Universitat Jaume I (E-2010-32) and the Fundació Caixa Castelló-Bancaixa.ca_CA
dc.format.extent10 p.ca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfApplied Ergonomics (2015), v. 48ca_CA
dc.subjectTactile symbolsca_CA
dc.subjectVisually impairedca_CA
dc.subject3D printingca_CA
dc.titleThe effect of volumetric (3D) tactile symbols within inclusive tactile mapsca_CA

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