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dc.contributor.authorMuiños Durán, Mónica
dc.contributor.authorBallesteros, Soledad
dc.identifier.citationMUIÑOS, Mónica; BALLESTEROS, Soledad. Sports can protect dynamic visual acuity from aging: A study with young and older judo and karate martial arts athletes. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 2015, vol. 77, no 6, p. 2061-2073ca_CA
dc.description.abstractA major topic of current research in aging has been to investigate ways to promote healthy aging and neuroplasticity in order to counteract perceptual and cognitive declines. The aim of the present study was to investigate the benefits of intensive, sustained judo and karate martial arts training in young and older athletes and nonathletes of the same age for attenuating age-related dynamic visual acuity (DVA) decline. As a target, we used a moving stimulus similar to a Landolt ring that moved horizontally, vertically, or obliquely across the screen at three possible contrasts and three different speeds. The results indicated that (1) athletes had better DVA than nonathletes; (2) the older adult groups showed a larger oblique effect than the younger groups, regardless of whether or not they practiced a martial art; and (3) age modulated the results of sport under the high-speed condition: The DVA of young karate athletes was superior to that of nonathletes, while both judo and karate older athletes showed better DVA than did sedentary older adults. These findings suggest that in older adults, the practice of a martial art in general, rather than the practice of a particular type of martial art, is the crucial thing. We concluded that the sustained practice of a martial art such as judo or karate attenuates the decline of DVA, suggesting neuroplasticity in the aging human brain.ca_CA
dc.description.sponsorShipThis research was supported by grants from the Spanish government (No. PSI2010-21609-C2-01) and the Madrid Community (No. S2010/BMD-2349) to S.B. We thank all of the volunteers who participated in the present study. We also thank José Manuel Reales and Julia Mayas for their valuable comments on the design of the study. We are very grateful to J. A. Aznar-Casanova, L. Quevedo, and J. C. Ondategui for their help on DVA measurement. Finally, we are very grateful to Marisa Carrasco (New York University) for her helpful comments on a previous version of the manuscript. We also thank two reviewers, who with their comments and suggestions helped us to improve this article.ca_CA
dc.format.extent13 p.ca_CA
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfAttention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 2015, vol. 77, no 6ca_CA
dc.rights© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2015ca_CA
dc.subjectKarate athletesca_CA
dc.subjectJudo athletesca_CA
dc.subjectMartial artsca_CA
dc.subjectDynamic visual acuityca_CA
dc.titleSports can protect dynamic visual acuity from aging: A study with young and older judo and karate martial arts athletesca_CA

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