Mindfulness, perceived stress, and subjective well-being: a correlational study in primary care health professionals
Scholar | Otros documentos del autor: Atanes, Ana C. M.; Andreoni, Solange; Hirayama, Marcio S.; Montero Marín, Jesús; Barros, Viviam V.; Ronzani, Telmo M.; Kozasa, Eliza H.; Soler Ribaudi, Joaquim; Cebolla i Martí, Ausiàs Josep; García Campayo, Javier; Demarzo, Marcelo
MetadatosMostrar el registro completo del ítem
TítuloMindfulness, perceived stress, and subjective well-being: a correlational study in primary care health professionals
Fecha de publicación2015
Background Primary health care professionals (PHPs) usually report high levels of distress and burnout symptoms related to job strain. Mindfulness, defined as non-judgmental-present-moment awareness, seems to be a ... [+]
Background Primary health care professionals (PHPs) usually report high levels of distress and burnout symptoms related to job strain. Mindfulness, defined as non-judgmental-present-moment awareness, seems to be a moderator in the causal association between life stressors and well-being. This study aimed to verify correlations among self-reported mindfulness, perceived stress (PS), and subjective well-being (SW) in Brazilian PHPs. Methods We performed a correlational cross-sectional study in a purposive sample of Brazilian PHPs (physicians, nurses, nursing assistants, and community health workers), working in community-oriented primary care programs (known locally as “Family Health Programs”). We used validated self-reporting instruments: the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the Subjective Well-being Scale (SWS). We performed a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), through regression coefficients (beta) in relation to the professional category (nursing assistant), in addition to the length of time in the same job (under than 6 months) that had indicated the lowest level of PS. Results Participants (n = 450) comprised community health workers (65.8 %), nursing assistants (18 %), registered nurses (10.0 %), and doctors (family physicians) (6.0 %); 94 % were female and 83.1 % had worked in the same position for more than one year. MANOVA regression analysis showed differences across professional categories and length of time in the same job position in relation to mindfulness, PS, and SW. Nurses demonstrated lower levels of mindfulness, higher PS, and SW negative affect, as well as lower SW positive affect. Being at work for 1 year or longer showed a clear association with higher PS and lower SW positive affect, and no significance with mindfulness levels. Pearson’s coefficient values indicated strong negative correlations between mindfulness and PS, and medium correlations between mindfulness and SW. Conclusion In this study, there were clear correlations between mindfulness, PS, and SW across different primary care professional categories and time in the same job position, suggesting specific vulnerabilities that should be addressed through the development of staff awareness, stress prevention, and well-being interventions. [-]
Palabras clave / Materias
Cita bibliográficaATANES, Ana CM, et al. Mindfulness, perceived stress, and subjective well-being: a correlational study in primary care health professionals. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 2015, vol. 15, no 1, p. 303.
Tipo de documentoinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos de acceso
Aparece en las colecciones
- PSB_Articles 
Excepto si se señala otra cosa, la licencia del ítem se describe como: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.