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dc.contributor.authorSegarra, Pilar
dc.contributor.authorPoy Gil, Roser
dc.contributor.authorLópez Penadés, Raúl
dc.contributor.authorMoltó Brotons, Javier
dc.description.abstractThis study examined BIS/BAS scales (Carver & White, 1994) assessment of Gray’s revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory in the light of the Five-Factor Model of personality—assessed via NEO-PI-R domains and facets—in a mixed-gender sample of 329 undergraduates. Exploratory factor analysis confirmed a 5-factor solution structure of the BIS/BAS scales, with BIS-scale divided into BIS-Anxiety and BIS-Fear factors, besides the original three BAS factors. BIS-Anxiety was found to represent Gray’s anxiety (high Neuroticism and low Extraversion), being also distinguished from BIS-Fear by high Agreeableness, as expected. Interestingly, Conscientiousness showed divergent relationships to BIS-Anxiety (+) and BIS-Fear (−) as well. It is noteworthy that Agreeableness and Conscientiousness also marked distinct facets of BAS-related activity: distinctions in terms of low vs. high Conscientiousness pointed to differential measure of sensation-seeking and impulsiveness (BAS-Fun Seeking) vs. reward-orientation in goal-directed behavior (BAS-Reward Responsiveness, BAS-Drive), with low Agreeableness additionally emphasizing a competitive interpersonal style for approaching goals (BAS-Drive). Our findings suggest that BAS total scores could be obscuring differential associations at the subscales level, and encourage further research on personality traits underlying each component of BAS activation.ca_CA
dc.format.extent6 p.ca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfPersonality and Individual Differences 61–62 (2014) 18–23ca_CA
dc.rights© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.ca_CA
dc.subjectReinforcement Sensitivity Theoryca_CA
dc.subjectFive Factor Model of personalityca_CA
dc.titleCharacterizing carver and white’s BIS/BAS subscales using the five factor model of personalityca_CA

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