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dc.contributor.authorBijlsma, Lubertus
dc.contributor.authorSerrano Gallego, Roque
dc.contributor.authorFerrer, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorTormos, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorHernández Hernández, Félix
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-23T08:45:39Z
dc.date.available2015-06-23T08:45:39Z
dc.date.issued2014-07
dc.identifier.citationBIJLSMA, Lubertus, et al. Occurrence and behavior of illicit drugs and metabolites in sewage water from the Spanish Mediterranean coast (Valencia region). Science of the Total Environment, 2014, 487: 703-709.ca_CA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10234/124803
dc.description.abstractIn this work, a study on the occurrence and behavior of illicit drugs and metabolites in sewage water systems has been made. A comprehensive dataset was obtained by analyzing illicit drugs daily in influent and effluent waters from three sewage treatment plants (STPs), over three different weeks. To complete this dataset, monitoring was conducted during an international pop/rock festival, an interesting facet within this study. The STPs selected were sited along the Spanish Mediterranean coast (Castellón province, Valencia region) and represent towns of different sizes, with appreciable variations in the population in the summer period. Illicit drug concentrations in the influents were low, except during the celebration of the music festival, when the levels of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, amphetamine, MDA and MDMA increased. Comparing the influent and effluent concentration data allowed the rough estimation of the removal of illicit drugs and metabolites by each STP. Removal efficiencies were estimated between 75 and 100% for most of the analytes under investigation. The loads discharged into the aquatic ecosystem were also calculated from effluent data. Weekly discharges of drugs and metabolites via effluent sewage waters presented values commonly below 10 g for each individual drug, with the exception of benzoylecgonine, which usually exceeded this level. The increase in population and drug consumption during the music event led to a notable increase in the weekly discharges, reaching values up to 406 g of MDMA and 122 g of benzoylecgonine.ca_CA
dc.format.extent26 p.ca_CA
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfca_CA
dc.language.isoengca_CA
dc.publisherElsevierca_CA
dc.relation.isPartOfScience of the Total Environment, 2014, 487ca_CA
dc.subjectillicit drugsca_CA
dc.subjectsewage waterca_CA
dc.subjectSTP removalca_CA
dc.subjectenvironmental loadsca_CA
dc.titleOccurrence and behavior of illicit drugs and metabolites in sewagewater from the Spanish Mediterranean coast (Valencia region)ca_CA
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca_CA
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.11.131
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_CA
dc.relation.publisherVersionhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969713014356ca_CA


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